The museum, a short walk from Villa di Montughi, was created by Frederick Stibbert (1838-1906). His father was English, his mother Italian. Frederick was born in Florence but was sent to England, as a young boy, to study.
His father, Thomas, was a colonel of the Coldstream Guards, and his grandfather Giles had been Governor of Bengal, in India. Giles accumulated an incredible fortune which passed on to Frederick when he was 21 years old.
He started to collect immediately as a young man and ended up transforming his house in a real museum “which has cost me a great deal of money and much care and effort”. When Frederick died he bequethed the museum to Florence.